PREAMBLE TO THE CONSTITUTION
We, The People of the United States of America Republic,
with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, in order to form a more Independent and Perfect government; establish Love, Truth, Peace, Freedom and Justice; insure tranquility; Provide for the common defense; Promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America Republic. As the Law of the Land, We, The People of the Moorish American Society, pledge Our Lives and Property to each other; to gain equal footing in the affairs of men and for other purposes in order to establish justice, promote the health, safety and welfare, secure the Blessings of liberty to Ourselves and Our Posterity do by Our representatives in Convention, ordain and establish the following Constitution Republic form of Government and mutually agree with each other to form Ourselves into a Free and Independent State by the name of: United States of America Republic and we do hereby ratify the boundaries assigned to such State by the Act of Redemption at the Pan American Conference in 1928; the aforesaid which are as follows to wit: Extends from North-East and South-West Africa across great Atlantis even unto the present North, South and Central America and also into Mexico and the Atlantis Islands; Amexem, Turtle Island, Frog Island. The fate of the unborn millions will now depend, under the Creator of the Universe, on the conduct of this Sovereign Nation State of Moorish American Nationals and Citizens, Let us, therefore, animate and encourage each other and show the whole world that we as Moorish American Nationals and Citizens are contending for Liberty as Moors on grounds superior to any nation on Earth; We now renew our Covenant with our Creator.
1933 - LEGISLATIVE JOURNAL - HOUSE - PAGE 5759
RESOLUTION No. 75
Mr. WITKIN, Mr. Speaker, I desire at this time to call up Resolution No. 75, Printer's No. 1034.
The Resolution was read by the Clerk as follows:
In the House of Representatives, April 17, 1933, Many sons and daughters of that proud and handsome race which inspired the architecture of Northern Africa and carried into Spain the influence of its artistic temperaments have become citizens of this Nation.
In the City of Philadelphia there exists a Moorish-American Society made up of Moors who have found here the end of their quest for a home and of the children of those who journeyed here from the plains of Morocco.
This Society has done much to bring about a thorough absorption by these people of those principles which are necessary to make them good American citizens. These Moorish-Americans have since being here missed the use of the titles and name annexations that were so familiar at home and which are used in accordance with the doctrines of the religious faith to which they are adherents Therefore be it, Resolved That this House commends the Moorish-American Society of Philadelphia for the efficient service it has rendered the Nation in bringing about a speedy and thorough Americanization of these former Moors and that in accordance with the fullest right of religious independence guaranteed every citizen we recognize also the right of these people to use the name affixes El or Ali or Bey or any other prefix or suffix to which they have heretofore been accustomed to use or which they may hereafter acquire the right to use.
On the question, Will the House Adopt the resolution?
It was Adopted May 4, 1933.
COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA
ROOM 402, CITY HALL
Honoring the Moorish – American Society of Philadelphia
Whereas, The Moorish – American Society of Philadelphia is a thriving vital community made up of Moors who have sought a better life and brighter future for their children as they journeyed here from the plains of Morocco, and
Whereas, The Moorish – American community has readily adopted the principles of freedom and democracy so necessary for their assimilation into the larger family of Americans from all manner of ethnic, religious, cultural and racial backgrounds; and
Whereas, These Americans, who hail from a proud and ancient culture whose influence in philosophy, architecture and the arts has helped define North African culture for centuries, have become productive, involved, and contributing members of the American system, yet loyal to the doctrines of the religious faith to which they are adherents; and
Whereas, The Moorish – American community recognizes assimilation as fundamental to becoming full Americans, yet also seeks to maintain the flavor of their cultural roots by the use of Titles, prefixes, and suffixes which have been the custom within this dynamic culture for centuries; therefore
Resolved, by the Council of the City of Philadelphia, That we hereby recognize the rich, artistic and creative aspects of this unique community. We give full allegiance to those constitutional guarantees of religious independence which will enable citizens of Moorish descent to carry on those traditions so vital to the definition of their presence as a people by the use of the names affixes, El or Ali or Bey, and that this recognition is accompanied by the highest respect for the Moorish people and their culture.
Resolved, That an Engrossed copy of the Resolution be presented to Representatives of the Moorish – American community as evidence of the profound respect and sincere admiration for the contributions made to this city by Moorish – Americans.
PUBLIC NOTICE USRHC001-MFB1
June 5, 2017
THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
THE PEOPLE FOR UNITED STATES OF ORIGINAL JURISDICTION
AMERICA REPUBLIC Ex Rel Controversy between Two States or
Melvin-Ford: Bey Citizens of one State vs. Citizens of another State or Against Aliens
vs. United States Constitution
Article 3, Section 2
THE STATE OF ILLINOIS
Defendant. FEDERAL QUESTIONS: CONSTITUTION, TREATY, SUBSTANTIVE RIGHTS, ETC.
PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
PURSUANT TO TITLE 28 §§ 1251, 1651, 2241 & 2254
NOW COMES, United States of America Republic Ex Rel Melvin-Ford: Bey, by and through United States of America Republic Attorney General, Larry-Taylor: El, to petition this court for Writ of Habeas Corpus, Declaring and Affirming under the de jure Law of the Constitution for the United States of America Republic, Annuit Coeptis Novus Ordo Seclurom, The Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1787/1836 between the United States and Morocco that, Petitioner is competent to be a witness and the facts contained herein are true, correct, complete, and not misleading to the best of Petitioner’ firsthand knowledge.
Melvin-Ford: Bey, a Moorish American National of the United States of America Republic is being classified as “black” by the UNKNOWN OFFICIALS for the STATE OF ILLINOIS and WINNEBAGO COUNTY, which is a violation of his constitutionally protected rights and the laws of the United States of America Republic to proclaim his nationality; and he has done so with the United States of America Republic. [Exhibit 1]
JUDICIAL OFFICER: ROSEMARY COLLINS, CHIEF JUDGE JOSEPH G. MCGRAW, ELECTED SHERIFF OF WINNEBAGO COUNTY: GARY CARUANA, ATTORNEY GENERAL OF WINNEBAGO, STATE OF ILLINOIS ATTORNEY GENERAL JOE BRUSCATO, are not granted the proper jurisdiction in law pursuant to Title(s) 28 USC §1251, 28 USC §1330, 28 USC §1332 (1), (2), (3), (4), the Constitution for United States of America Republic, the United States Constitution of 1789 A.D. as amended in 1791 A.D., guaranteeing to each state a republican form of government.
Constitution of the United States
Article III. Section 2:
“The Judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority;--to all cases affecting ambassadors, others, public ministers and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;-- to controversies to which the United States shall be party;- to controversies between two or more states;- between a state and citizens of another state;--between citizens of different states;--between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects.”
“In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under regulations as the Congress shall make.”
The Venue is not proper in that, Melvin-Ford: El is not a citizen or resident of the STATE OF ILLINOIS, but is a Moorish National and Citizen, an inhabitant of the United States of America. Melvin-Ford: El is protected by the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America Republic. Therefore, the STATE OF ILLINOIS is in violation of “due process of law”.
Restriction of Judicial Power
The Judicial power of the United States or the several States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the Citizens of the United States of America Republic by Citizens of the United States, another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
3. DUE PROCESS OF LAW
“Due process of law in each particular case means such an exercise of the powers of the government as the settled maxim of law permit and sanction, and under such safe guards for the protection of individual rights as those maxims prescribe for the class of cases to which the one in question belongs.”
“They then mean a course of legal proceedings according to those rules and principles which have been established in our system of jurisprudence for the enforcement and protection of private rights. To give such proceedings any validity, there must be tribunal competent by its constitution—that is, by the law of its creation-to pass upon the subject-matter of the suit; and, if that involves merely a determination of the personal liability of the defendant, he must be brought within jurisdiction by services of process within that state, or his voluntary appearance.”
“due process of law implies the right of the person affected thereby to be present before the tribunal which pronounces judgment upon the question of life, liberty, or property, in its most comprehensive sense; to be heard, by testimony or otherwise, and to have the right of controvert, by proof, every material fact which bears on the question of right in the matter involved. If any question of fact or liability be conclusively presumed against him, this is not due process of law.”
“The essential elements of “due process of law” are notice and opportunity to be heard and to defend in orderly proceeding adapted to nature of case, and the guarantee of due process requires that every man have protection of day in court and benefit of general law.”
“A law which hears before it condemns which proceeds on inquiry and renders judgment only after trial.”
Where provisions are not made to address Foreign Relations and Intercourse in a Consular Court, as prescribed by law, then no jurisdiction exists! A Court of General Sessions, Congressionally sanctioned, in accord with the National Constitutions and Treaties, Consulars and officials representing both Nations and Nationals, present and In Propria Persona would be proper jurisdiction. All parties would operate by de jure Constitutional and Treaty Law.
If there is no proper jurisdiction or venue, then no lawful or legal trial can be held, therefore, all rights revert back to the People (Self-government with Sovereign Authority). This is where the UNITED STATES of AMERICA REPUBLIC’S Constitution clearly proves its purpose. When government officials supersede their jurisdiction, or deny lawful due process, redress, recourse and remedy, “At Law”, then they are the true criminals, are traitors to the Constitution and the Treaties to which they are bound by law and from whence they derive any power or authority at all! This is where the Supreme Law of the Land comes into effect.
United States Constitution Article VI. Debts, Supremacy, Oaths.
All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. [Emphasis added]
This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding. The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States. [Emphasis added]
4. POINTS AND AUTHORITIES
According to all scientific and historical records, there is no “Negro”, “black”, or “colored” race in the human family of peoples and nations. In order to obtain the truth concerning the origin of the so-called “black” people of America, one must return to the year 990 A.D. when the Moorish slave-traders exchanged dark-skinned Moors for the lighter-skinned Moors who had been captured by a Portuguese adventurer. The dark-skinned Moorish bondsmen and bondsmaids were branded by the Portuguese and Spanish with names from their European (Romance) Languages which allude to slavery. Thus the term “negro”-derived from the Latin word “niger”, meaning “black” – and several variations of it came into use for this degraded purpose not only in the Iberian Peninsular, but also in other parts of Europe. Over the centuries, this term evolved from “negro Moor” to “blacka moor” to “black” to “negro”. (see Horace Greeley, The American conflict, published in 1865 and George Bancroft, History of the United States of America published in 1854.)
The word “black” and all of its variations in all languages have always connoted evil, misery and death. Moreover, the equally inappropriate term “colored” implies that the individual described has been painted, varnished, stained or dyed. “Afro” or “African” are terms which arose from the European name “Africa” branded upon that continent by the ancient Romans in honor of the Roman general Scipio Africanus following his conquest of the Moorish City of Carthage. Clearly, none of these misnomers-“Negro,” “black”, “colored”, or “African”-can be legitimately applied to any people of the human family because such expressions not only fail to accurately designate the true Race and National Origin of the people described but also degrade such people to the level of sub-human existence. In particular, since the so-called “black” folks of the United States were, in fact, Moors in 990 A.D., they must be, therefore, Moors in 1976 A.D. These Moors are descendants of the ancient Moabites, who inhabited the North-Western and South-Western shores of the land Europeans call “Africa” but whose true name is “Amexem”.
The land “Amexem extends across the great Atlantis along the old Moorish trade route defined by the 36 degrees 30’parallel to the land known today as “North, Central and South America”-the old Moroccan Empire. As descendants of Moroccans born in America, we are the true and historically-verified Moorish American heirs to land where the United States of America has been established.
Although twenty Moorish Sheiks and Sheikesses were brought to Jamestown in 1620 in a Dutch man-of-war bearing Spanish individual names (as well as the general term “Negro”- forced upon them by the Spanish slave-masters from whom the Dutch commandeered these bondsman, unbound Moors have inhabited and civilized the Western Hemisphere for centuries before Christopher Columbus supposedly “discovered” a part of the world for Europeans that had never been lost to the Asiatic peoples. (Unfortunately, these Moors of the West engaged in an extensive slave trade in human property of all races with these Moors of the East). It was these Moors of the West who, with the support of the sultan of Morocco, helped win the Revolutionary War against the yoke of Great Britain for the Thirteen Colonies and who assisted the negotiation of the 1786 Treaty between Morocco and the United States. More importantly, men of Moorish descent comprised the majority of the Continental Convention in 1787. United States of America v. Jacques Leeds.
5. U.S.A.R. Criminal Code. Title 1, §4
“Misprision of felony Whoever, having knowledge of the actual commission of a felony such as the use of slave brands such as Black, Negro, Colored, or African American after Nationality has been stated and verified shall be evidence of denationalization and the dealing of Chattel Slavery cognizable by a court of the United States of America Republic, conceals and does not as soon as possible make known the same to some judge or other person in civil or military authority under the United States of America Republic, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned fifteen to twenty years, or both.”
6. (735 ILCS 5/8-1101) (from Ch. 110, par. 8-1101)
Sec. 8-1101. Publications covered by uniform Act. Printed books or pamphlets purporting on their face to be the session or other statutes of any of the United States, or the territories thereof, or of any foreign jurisdiction, and to have been printed and published by the authority of any such state, territory or foreign jurisdiction or proved to be commonly recognized in its courts, shall be received in the courts of this State as prima facie evidence of such statutes.
(Source: P.A. 82-280.
7. EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION of ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Whereas On the Twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, a Proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing among other things the following, to-wit:
“That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward and forever free, and the executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.” [Statutes and acts are the same].
Abraham Lincoln knew that the Emancipation Proclamation was only freeing the slaves by manumission. The newly freed slaves without a constitutional government of their own would thereby be subject to the jurisdiction and laws of the States. This is apparent by the statements made in the Emancipation Proclamation that they gave all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward and forever free. The escaped slaves fought with the United States against the Southerners; thereby leaving one conclusion as to the rebellion against the United States and them seeking their actual freedom would come later upon their knowledge and over-standing of nationality and citizenship. The executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.” It took some time for the Moorish American People to realize the necessity of the re-establishment of their free National Government and in doing so, bringing themselves in unison with the Constitution of the United States for it is a contract and/or compact with State governments and is now their sworn duty to protect the Moorish American people in their efforts for their actual freedom.
8. UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION – ARTICLE IV
SECTION. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.
9. CONGRESS’ RECONSTRUCTION ACTS
March 2, 1867, Faced with ratification failure, Congress passed over President Johnson’s vetoes three “Reconstruction Acts from March 2 1867 through July 19, 1867 declaring the southern State governments to be illegal. Following are excerpts of President Johnson’s veto message to Congress regarding its first Reconstruction Act.
“The military is being used to coerce the people into adopting principles and measures that they are opposed to, and which they have an undeniable right to exercise their own judgment.”
“The bills without precedent and without authority, in palpable conflict with the Constitution, and utterly destructive to those principles of liberty and humanity for which our ancestors on both sides of the Atlantic have shed so much blood and expended so much treasure.”
“The purpose and object of the bills to change the entire structure and character of the State governments and to compel them by force to the adoption of organic laws [14th amendment], and regulations, which they are unwilling to accept if left to themselves. If they do not form a constitution with prescribed articles in it and afterwards elect a legislature, which will act upon certain measures in a prescribed way [subjugation], neither blacks nor whites can be relieved from slavery, which the bill imposes upon them”.
Keeping in line with Congress’ Reconstruction Act, the Moorish American People have created an organic Constitution with prescribed articles in it and have elected a legislature, acting upon certain measures in a prescribed way; and have reassembled the Continental Congress to constitute and create laws to bring the Moorish American People back under the constitutional fold of a free National Government, without the 14th and 15th Amendments of the United States Constitution. Since the free national constitutional law that was enforced since 1774 declared all men equal and free, and if all men are declared by the free national constitution to be free and equal since that constitution has never been changed, there is no need for the application of the 14th and 15th Amendments for the salvation of our people and citizens.
President Christopher H.-Cannon: Bey, of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPUBLIC, serves all government officials this Legal Notice that the Moorish American People have Inalienable Rights, as guaranteed to them by their Creator and Secured by their State Constitution for the United States of America Republic, and the Constitution for The several States of the United States of 1789 A.D.: and Amended in 1791 A.D. The Moorish American People do not consent to any laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding, pursuant to Article X of the Constitution for the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPUBLIC, even though such a Make-Up of Rules and Laws may have been presumed in the past.
Constitution of the United States of America Republic
Powers Reserved to States or People
The powers not delegated to the United States of America Republic by the Constitution, or where it prohibits the United States or the several States, are reserved to the United States of America Republic respectively, or to The People.
There may exist in the United States an economic emergency the Moorish American People are not enemies of the United States and has by this as well as other Legal Notices and Public Notices, Severed, Forfeited, Rejected, Waived, and refused to accept any and all Admiralty benefits, especially the Limited Debt liability benefit from the United States and others.
President Christopher H- Cannon: Bey, of the United States of America Republic severs this Honorable Court Judicial Notice: Moorish Nationals are private inhabitants with no Legal disability to the United States or the several states and notifies the Attorney General Joe Bruscato, and Winnebago Elected Sheriff, Gary Caruana and Assigned Judicial Officer(s) Judge Rosemary Collins and Chief Judge Joseph G. McGraw for Winnebago the following facts:
1. The WINNEBAGO COURT AND PROSECUTOR(s) has been given Legal Notice Melvin-Ford: El, Citizen of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPUBLIC and Moorish American Nationality at the start of court.
2. Said Public Notice of Rescission and Severance declared that President Christopher H.-Cannon: Bey has declared the following facts which have not been disputed by anyone, including Officers of the United States.
a. The Moorish American People have rescinded, severed, dissolved, and terminated, for failure of fair consideration, Ab initio, all agreements and contracts which created any attachment of equity jurisdiction between the UNITED STATES and the STATE OF ILLINOIS AND COUNTY OF WINNEBEGO and the Vessel [:MELVIN FORD:].
b. Melvin-Ford: El has relinquished the Corporate, Wardship Entity [:MELVIN FORD:], and returned back to his own Government, the United States of America Republic, In Proper Person, without Colorable Legal Due Process.
c. President Christopher H.-Cannon: Bey, of the United States of America Republic pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code, 1-308, has reserved the Right for the Moorish American People not to be compelled to perform under any Contract or Commercial Agreement into which they as Citizens of the United States of America Republic did not enter knowingly, intentionally, or erred by such reservation of Right. President Christopher H- Cannon: Bey, of the United States of America Republic has informed Federal, State, and local government agencies that the Moorish American People do not and will not accept the liabilities associated with the compelled benefits of such unrevealed Contracts and Commercial Agreements.
d. President Christopher H- Cannon: Bey, of the United States of America Republic has informed Federal, State, and local government agencies that the Moorish American People and Citizens do not and will not accept the liabilities associated with the compelled benefits of such unrevealed Contracts and Commercial Agreements.
3. Melvin-Ford: El has pledged his loyalty and allegiance to the United States of America Republic and has Hereby Declared, upon Oath, he absolutely and entirely renounces and abjures all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, secret organization, state, or sovereignty of whom or which he has heretofore been a subject or citizen; that he will support and defend the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America Republic against all enemies foreign and domestic; that he will bear the true faith and allegiance to the same; that he will bear arms on behalf of the United States of America Republic when required by law; that he will perform noncombatant services in the armed forces of the United States of America Republic when required by law; that he will perform work of national importance under civilian direction when required by law; and that he took this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion. He made this covenant with the Moorish American People and his Father GOD ALLAH Creator of the Universe."
4. President Christopher H.-Cannon: Bey, of the United States of America Republic has informed Federal, State and local government agencies that as Moorish American Nationals and Citizens are inhabitants and Nationals of the United States of America Republic. We are a Part and Parcel of the United States of America. The United States of America Republic has no Commercial Nexus to the Corporate United States, a foreign Corporation with regard to the United States of America Republic.
5. Petitioners states that Melvin- Ford: El Ex rel [: MELVIN FORD:] Ex-Relation, is being compelled to proceed in Fraudulent Fictitious Claim against his will and intent, in violation of his unalienable Freehold Moorish American Rights protected and Secured by the Constitution for UNITED STATES of AMERICA REPUBLIC and for the several States of America and the Union created in 1789 A.D. also the 14th Amendment of the UNITED STATES Constitution.
6. Petitioners state that Melvin-Ford: El is being held in constructive custody and restrained in the free exercise of his liberty on or about 19TH Day of May 2017 A.D. by the WINNEBAGO COURT respectively, in violation of protections provided by both the Constitution for United States of America Republic and for The several States of America. As well as the Constitution for the United States.
7. Petitioner states that the WINNEBAGO COURT and MAGISTRATE JUDGE ROSEMARY COLLINS has taken an Oath to protect and uphold the Constitution for United States and for the several States of America, and has duties and obligations to protect the Rights of State Citizens. Moorish Nationals and Citizens are inhabitants of the United States of America.
8. Petitioner’s states that peonage and involuntary servitude have been abolished within Illinois State and The several States of America. Petitioners states that President Christopher H- Cannon: Bey of the United States of America Republic states for the record that government was instituted among men and women to secure those Rights, not to overthrow those Rights.
13th Amendment - Slavery Abolished. Ratified 12/6/1865
SECTION 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
SECTION 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
If Congress may establish a territorial government in the exercise of its discretion, it is a clear principle that a court cannot control that discretion. This being the case, I do not see on what grounds the 13th Amendment is held to be void. It did not purport to forfeit property, or take it for public purposes. It only prohibited slavery;
I will now consider the fourth head, which is: "The effect of taking Nationals, or Citizens into a State or Territory, and so holding them in “involuntary servitude”, where Slavery is prohibited. If the principle laid down in the case of Prigg v. The State of Pennsylvania is to be maintained, and it is certainly to be maintained until overruled, as the law already ruled on by the Supreme Court, there can be no difficulty on this point. In that case, the court says: "The state of Slavery is deemed to be a mere municipal regulation, founded upon and limited to the range of the territorial laws." If this be so, Slavery can exist nowhere except under the authority of Colorable law, founded on usage having the force of law, or by statutory recognition; and the court further says: "It is manifest, from this consideration, that if the Constitution had not contained the clause requiring the rendition of fugitives from labor, every Non-slave State, or Slave holding State in the Union would have been at liberty to have declared free all runaway slaves. Coming within its limits, and to have given them entire immunity and protection against the claims of their States."
Now, if a National, or Citizen is taken into temporary custody by a foreign state or if he/she abscond, he or she may be reclaimed, but if he is presumed to be a resident of a State by citizens of another State or Territory and held where the National, or Citizen is not a resident is prohibited, such National, or Citizen cannot be said to have left the service of his State where his services were legalized. And if a National or Citizenry be limited to the range of the territorial laws, how can the National or Citizen be coerced to serve in a State or Territory, not only without the authority of law, but against its express provisions? What gives the State the right to control the will of their Nationals, or Citizens? The local law, which exists in some form. But where there is no such law, can the State control the will of the National, or Citizen by force? Where no National, or Citizenry exists, the presumption is, without regard to race, color, gender, national origin, religion, or creed as long as the National or Citizen is of legal age and of the capacity to enter contracts. Therefore, if a National or Citizen entered on their own free will, a pledge of his life and property giving his voluntary servitude to the United States of America Republic; and under its Constitution were privileges and immunities in which were secured for the National or Citizen under its Constitution in favor of freedom under such a jurisdiction, can the Moorish American Man or Woman be levied upon as the property of his/her State by a creditor? On the decease of a Moorish American National or Citizens’ estate, does the National or Citizens’ estate descend to his heirs as property? Can the State sell him? Any one or all of these acts may be done to the National, or Citizen, where he is legally held to service. But where the law does not confer this power, it cannot be exercised.
Therefore, if a State held in temporary custody, a National or Citizen, and brought him or her into the foreign jurisdiction where slavery has been abolished; in this respect, the National or Citizen could not be coerced into a contract that grants jurisdiction. When the National or Citizen is a subject of the United States of America Republic, he/she cannot forfeit the property interest of the United States of America Republic in said National or Citizen; but only on his/ her voluntary expatriation of his/her former Citizenship and the National returning to that foreign state as a resident.
By virtue of what law is it that a State may take a National or Citizen of the same state claiming lands under grants of different States, being an inhabitant of a free territory, and exact from him the duties of a Resident? The law of the territory does not sanction it. No authority can be claimed under the Constitution of the United States, or any law of Congress. Will it be said that, the National or Citizen is taken as property…the same as other property which the State may own? To this, I answer that Moorish Americans are made property by the law of the United States of America Republic by Pledge, and no such power has been given to Congress to deny any Moorish American National or Citizen from choosing on their own free-will, the State in which to reside. Do the Moorish American Nationals and Citizens carry with them the law of the State from which he removes into the Territory? Also, does that enable another State to coerce a National or Citizen under a “presumption” that he or she is a Resident in the Territory? Let us test this theory. If this may be done by a State on another State National or Citizen, it may be done by a State on every other National or Citizen of another State. This right is supposed to be connected with the person of the State, by virtue of the local law. Is it transferable? May it be negotiated, as a promissory note or bill of exchange? If it be assigned to a man from a “Free State”, may the State coerce the National or Citizen by virtue of it?
ADMENDMENT FOURTEEN July 28, 1868
Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What shall this thing be denominated? Is it personal or real property? Or is it an indefinable fragment of sovereignty, which every person carries with him from his late domicil? One thing is certain, that its origin has been very recent, and it is unknown to the laws of any civilized country.
A Moorish American National or Citizen, although brought under the Constitutional fold of the United States of America Republic from the foreign jurisdictions of the States, where a National or Citizenry was introduced and maintained by the mother country, in this case Morocco. Although there is no law prohibiting a Moorish American National or Citizenry in the United States, yet there is no law authorizing it. For near a century, its courts have declared that the National or Citizen here is free from the coercion of the State. The Court would have to agree upon this point, and there is no dissenting authority.
There is no other description of property which was not protected in any State, brought from one of its Nationals or Citizens. Does this not show that, property in a human being does not arise from nature or from the common law, but, in the language of State laws, "it is a mere municipal regulation, founded upon and limited to the range of the territorial laws?" This decision is not a mere argument, but it is the end of the law, in regard to the extent of National or Citizenry. Until it shall be overturned, it is not a point for argument. It is obligatory.
The Constitution, in express terms, recognizes the status of slavery as founded on the municipal law. "No person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall," etc. Now, unless the fugitive escapes from a place where, by the municipal law, he is held to labor; this provision affords no remedy to the State. What can be more conclusive than this? Suppose a National or Citizen has proclaimed their nationality in the government in which they reside, but is being held against his will in a foreign Territory where slavery is not authorized by law. Can he be reclaimed? In this case, a National or Citizen may be reclaimed and taken by his State from a foreign State or Territory of the United States, the same as a horse, or any other kind of property.
Authority? I shall certainly not regard it as such. The question of jurisdiction, being before the court, was decided by them authoritatively, but nothing beyond that question. A National or Citizen is not mere “chattel”, as he bears the impress of his Maker, and is amenable to the laws of God and man; and he is destined to an endless existence. A National or Citizen proclaims their Nationality in the government in which they live and the nations of the earth; and who takes up his residence there, where the National or Citizen is entitled to freedom, rather than as a penal statute.
That any sort of residence contrived or presumed by the State against a National, or Citizen of the United States of America Republic would be a violation of the National or Citizens’ constitutionally secured Rights. Therefore, the State would not be able to rely upon the faith of secret trusts or contracts, in order to defeat or evade the United States of America Republic’s Constitution. Allowing a State to do so would be an acknowledgement of slavery.
It is said the Territories are common property of the States, and that every man or woman has a right to go there with his/her property. This is not controverted. But the courts have decided, a National or Citizen is not property beyond the operation of the local law which makes him such. Never was a truth more authoritatively and justly uttered by man.
Moorish Americans are National Citizens located in every Province State in the Continental United States. Their Citizenship is one nationwide in scope being that they are the Aboriginal inhabitants of the Americas (Amexem), who cannot be forced to one particular state like Indians on a reservation. Just as a man may move from state to state with his property, also the State is allowed to have National Wards of the United States of America Republic to share lands and property with citizens of other states, without their National Citizenship status being stripped away or property being taken by foreign citizens or even a foreign state.
Rules of Evidence Section 600 et seq.
Presumption and Inference Defined: A Presumption is an assumption of fact that the Law requires to be made from another fact or group of facts found or otherwise established in the action.
(A) Presumption is not Evidence.
(B) An Inference is a deduction of fact that may logically and reasonably be drawn from another part or group of facts found or otherwise establish in an action.
According to the Rules of Evidence, it allows one to rebut any “presumptions”. Therefore, it is formally requested and demanded that the State of Illinois place any and all “presumptions” on the record that Melvin-Ford: El is a negro, black, colored, or African American; and our Government must be given the opportunity to rebut those “presumptions”. The Rules of Evidence also state that the “presumptions” only need to be met. In other words, simply meet the “presumption”, not defeat it. The Supreme Court held that conflicting Presumptions must be weighed against each other. Scott V. Burke; Smellie v. Southern Pac. Co. 212 Cal. 540, 299 Pac. 529 (1931). This case held that a presumption is evidence that must be weighed against conflicting evidence. The most that should be expected of a party in a civil case is that he prove his case by a preponderance of the evidence. The most that should be expected of the prosecution in a criminal case is that it establishes the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.
Section 600 was derived from Rule 13 of the Uniform Rules of Evidence and supersedes the Code of Civil Procedures, Section 1959. The Evidence Code classifies all rebuttable Presumptions as either (1) Presumptions affecting the burden of producing evidence essentially (Thayer Presumptions), or (2) Presumptions affecting the burden of proof essentially (Morgan Presumptions).
A statute providing that a fact or ground of facts is prima facie evidence of another fact establishes a rebuttable Presumption. A Presumption affecting the burden of producing evidence is a Presumption established to implement no public policy other than to facilitate the determination of the particular action in which the presumption is applied.
Then all the people will hear and be afraid, and will not act presumptuously again. “When you enter the Land which the Almighty Creator gives you, and you possess it and live in it, and you say, I will set a King over me like all the Nations who are around me.”
You shall surely set a King over you whom your Father the Creator chooses, one from among your countrymen you shall set as King over yourselves; you may not put a Foreigner over yourselves who is not your countryman. (King James Holy Bible Deuteronomy 18:13-15). In This Country The States Are The Kings, The People And The State Are One In The Same.President Christopher H-Cannon: Bey, of the United States of America Republic hereby Command as a matter of law the release of the Moorish American Detainee being held in your custody, Melvin-Ford: El is a Vessel of this Sovereign Nation State and is protected not only upon his State Oath to his people but to his GOD. This Constitution (Covenant) cannot be broken by your State government for it is a Divine Contract between ALLAH and his People. ALLAH shall show his Wrath on any Nation that tries to come between him and his inheritance!
Courts that enforce mere statutes do not act judiciously only administerily; they have no judicial immunity unlike a Court of Law. They cannot obtain jurisdiction through services of process, arrest or compelled appearance Boswell vs. Otis 9 How 336, 338.
When acting to enforce a statute and its subsequent amendments to the present date. The judge of the municipal court is acting as an administrative officer and not in a judicial capacity courts in administering or enforcing statutes do not act judicially, but merely administerily. Thompson vs. Smith 154 SE 583.
The STATE OF ILLINOIS would need to show proof of claim how they have any interest in [: MELVIN FORD:]. The STATE OF ILLINOIS with no contracts with Melvin-Ford: El would make any and all charges, claims, judgments, levy's, warrants, indictments or seizures, fraudulent and a trespass upon the property of The Vast/Vas Estate Express Trust. The STATE OF ILLINOIS, therefore, cannot file any judgments or any lien on a “Holder-in-Due-Course”.
Therefore, the beneficiary, the Moorish American People, demand “proof of claim” from the STATE OF ILLINOIS. The Vast/Vas Estate Express Trust is the paramount security interest holder in all property and collateral both registered and unregistered, corporeal and incorporeal, real property, mixed property and chattel property belonging to [:MELVIN FORD:] . Melvin-Ford: El is not the surety. Melvin-Ford: El is the beneficiary.
The Notice of filing foreign judgment, that The STATE OF ILLINOIS now has been divested of its subject matter jurisdiction in the property [:MELVIN FORD:] and has no authority to sign in privity with said foreign judgment; and [ it (must) ] recognize the debts of [:MELVIN FORD:] are strictly the debts of the Vast /Vas Estate Express Trust; and that any collateral belonging to [:MELVIN FORD:] should be discharged from any lien or levy by the STATE OF ILLINOIS; and any collateral garnished, levied, or taken by the STATE OF ILLINOIS should not be discharged with said Trust and returned forthwith; and that any debts in the public should be discharged and all public charges thereto taxed to the STATE OF ILLINOIS.
The Moorish American People are the heirs and beneficiaries of the Vast/Vas Estate Express Trust. [:MELVIN FORD:] Trust Property has a fraudulent lien placed against the Birth Certificate in which it is being held in constructive custody by the STATE OF ILLINOIS in violation of Illinois Trust Laws as well as the 13th Amendment of the United States of America Republic Constitution. Let the record show the Vast/Vas Estate Express Trust is the surety for the Property [:MELVIN FORD:] and, therefore, the beneficiaries, Moorish American People, demand that the court uphold the contractual agreement made between Melvin-Ford: El: Grantor; United States of America Republic: Grantee; the Moorish American People: beneficiary; and the Vast/Vas Estate Express Trust: Intermediary. United States of America Republic challenges the STATE OF ILLINOIS’ title for the property [:MELVIN FORD:] and demand “proof of claim”.
Intermediaries who hold unclaimed securities distributions in their own names are the relevant "debtors." Issuers cannot be considered "debtors" once they make distributions to intermediaries that are record owners, since payment to a record owner discharges all of an issuer's obligations to the beneficial owner under the Uniform Commercial Code, which is the law in all 50 States and the District of Columbia. Instead, an intermediary serving as the record owner is the "debtor" insofar as it has a contractual duty to transmit distributions to the beneficial owner. Unlike an issuer, it remains liable should a "lost" beneficial owner reappear to collect distributions due under such a contract. The STATE OF ILLINOIS thus has erred in concluding that the issuer is the relevant "debtor."
United States Constitution Article. I. - The Legislative Branch
Section 10 - Powers prohibited of States
No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility. No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Control of the Congress. No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay. [emphasis added]
The laws of the STATE OF ILLINOIS are in violation of Article I, Section X of the United States Constitution. The use of colorable law cannot impair the obligation of Melvin-Ford: El’s contractual obligations in which the STATE OF ILLINOIS is attempting to enforce. Melvin-Ford: El has made a pledge to the United States of America Republic of his life and property. The STATE OF ILLINOIS, therefore, is depriving the People of the United States of America Republic of their property, without just compensation.
“We view your actions as hostile”
United States of America Republic, Ex Rel: Melvin-Ford: El, as a matter of Right, respectfully request the WINNEBAGO COUNTY ELECTED SHERIFF GARY CARUANA, CHIEF JUDGE JOSEPH G. MCGRAW, MAGISTRATE AND/OR JUDGE ROSEMARY COLLINS OR ILLINOIS WINNEBAGO ATTORNEY GENERAL, JOE BRUSCATO, to have the “Assigned Judicial Officer for the Winnebago County et al”, instantly Show Cause why, restraining the free exercise of Public Minister, Melvin-Ford: El, it should not be instantly lifted.
United States of America Republic, Ex Rel Melvin-Ford: El, demands that the COUNTY ELECTED SHERIFF or Assigned Judicial Officer for COOK COUNTY, lift the acts of enforcement of “color of law” and “color of authority” on the part of quasi-government officials and demi-officials, (of their own unconstitutional works, actions, and deeds and with hearing), the above referenced Order signed by the Winnebago Elected Sheriff, GARY CARUANA “et al”.
MAGISTRATE and/or JUDGE Rosemary Collins must uphold the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America Republic, as per Article 6 of the United States Constitution…”and the judges shall be bound thereby; Any Thing in the Constitution or any Laws of Any State to the Contrary Notwithstanding.”
OR IN THE ALTERNATIVE
If Winnebago County Elected Sheriff, John Matz, Attorney General, JOE BRUSCATO, CHIEF JUDGE JOSEPH G. MCGRAW or Assigned Judicial Officer for the COUNTY OF WINNEBAGO. cannot or will not instantly grant this ORDER and lift the above referenced Order signed by the Lawfully assigned Judicial Officer “et al”, the United States of America Republic hereby requests Elected Sheriff, GARY CARUANA, to instantly produce their signature and/or an instrument giving authority for the Lawfully Assigned Judicial Officer “et al”, to defeat and circumvent the prohibitions of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution for the United States of America Republic with impunity.
Section 4. Sovereign Immunity Abolished
Except as the General Assembly may provide by law, sovereign immunity in this State is abolished.
Some Defendants urge that any act of a judicial Nature entitles the judge to judicial immunity, but in a jurisdictional vacuum that is (absence of all jurisdictions) the second prong necessary to absolute judicial immunity is missing, a judge is not immune for tortuous acts committed in a purely administrative non judicial capacity. (Stump v. Sparkman id. 435 US 349).
A judge must be acting within his jurisdiction as to subject matter and persons, to be entitled to immunity from civil action for his/her acts. (Davis v. Burris 51 Ariz. 220, 75 p. 2d 689 1983).
Therefore jurisdiction cannot be sustained by a lower court it cannot entertain or decide claims of conflict in federal law or state law. (Hagans v. Lavine).
If a judge act where he/she has no jurisdiction to act. The judge has committed an act or acts of treason (U.S. vs. Will 449 us 200).
If a judge act where he/she has no jurisdiction to act. The judge has committed an act or acts of treason (Cohens vs. Virginia).
Whereas, there is no question that a “Bench Summons”, a detention, an arrest, issued by a Police Officer or by others which carries a fine or jail time, is a penalty or sanction; and is indeed “converting a right into crime”, thus, violating substantive rights. It is reasonable to assume that the Court’s judicial decisions are straight and to the point, and that there is no lawful method for government to put restrictions or limitations on Rights belonging to the people. The right to own and to possess Private Property and Personality, and to be secure in those rights, is preserved and secured for the people and the citizens, by the Constitution.
Government does not give rights, for it has no rights to give or to sell, nor to license. Government is put in place to protect and to secure the preexisting, Inalienable Rights of the People and The Citizens.
Therefore the state is entitled to sovereignty and jurisdiction over all its territory within her limits subject to common law. (Pollard vs. Hagan 44 us 221,223,228,229).
Wherefore, this petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus, pursuant to National and International Law, you are commanded to respect and honor all Substantive Rights of the people and to respect the Constitutional Immunities of this Aboriginal and Indigenous Sundry Free and Sovereign Moor (Natural People); with all Private Property Rights secured and reserved; and to enlist all available and appropriate measures to ensure that all Substantive Rights and Constitutional Immunities are not abridged or breached. The Sovereign, Natural Being named herein, is not to be arrested or held for detention under any circumstances, except Murder, Rape or Treason. The Natural Being named herein is, furthermore, exempt from, and not obligated to, Customs, Tariffs, Taxation, and is to be secured from any other hindrance or restriction of His Rights or Freedom of movement within member states or non-member states. The Bearer of this Document is to be treated with all due respect; and all available and appropriate measures are to be taken to prevent injustice, harm or attack on the Natural Being’s person, property, freedom, and/or dignity.
Martin Luther King, Jr. said “The American negro still finds himself languishing in the corners of America in exile in his own land.”
The Moorish American People have done exactly as Martin Luther King, Jr. has instructed…that if they are to ever have true freedom that they will have to pick up the pen and write their own Emancipation Proclamation. The Constitution of the United States of America Republic is that Emancipation Proclamation.
I, Christopher H- Cannon: Bey, President for the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPUBLIC, give Legal Lawful Notice to the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches of the UNITED STATES, including the Military and Naval Authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of the Moorish American People and Citizens and will do no Act or Acts to repress the Moorish American People and Citizens, or any of them in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom, or in Organizing themselves for Political, Economical, Social and Cultural Enhancement. The Moorish American People and Citizens are exercising their Rights to Self Determination and have the right to Autonomy, or Self-government in matters relating to their internal and local affairs as well as ways and means for financing their Autonomous functions.
The United States of America Republic therefore issue this Order to Cease and Desist to all quasi government and government officials alike. The United States of America Republic now grants you 30 days to contact us for the release of all Moorish Nationals and Citizens of the United States of American Republic if you are holding them in custody. Your custody was only a temporary custody these Moorish Nationals and Citizens are Political Hostages and you are to contact the United States of America Republic to negotiate the full release of these Detainees.
Any Moorish American or Citizen being held in violation of a Capitol Crime shall not be released until the completion of their sentence. The United States of America Republic reserve the right to investigate all cases involving Capitol Crimes in which a Moorish National, or citizen are being held in custody for such an offence. For more information on hostage negotiations and release contact us at unitedstatesrepublic@.info.
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPUBLIC enforces International Law, the Laws of Nations, Constitutional Law and Human Rights and the Rights of Indigenous People in North America in which the Trafficking of Human Chattel is a Serious Crime. You will no longer act under Presumption, or Colorable Laws against Moorish American People and Citizens. The Statutes, Ordinances, Regulations and Customs only apply and are only binding on your citizens or Residents. You have now been given Legal Notice: That this day September 1, 2015 there are no more Presumptions. The Moorish American People have been claimed by their Lawful State and government. Moorish Nationals are under the Exclusive Jurisdiction of the United States of America Republic. The United States of America Republic is the National government, not to be confused with the Federal government. The United States of America Republic is A Part and Partial of the United States.
The Moorish American People have a Valid and Existing Treaty with the United States. The Supreme Court has stated “The Treaty is the Supreme Law of the Land it Nullifies all Codes, Statutes and Ordinances” Edye vs. Robertson (112 US 580).
No man in this Country is so high he is above the law and no Officer of the Law can set that Law at defiance with impunity. All the officers of the government from the highest to the lowest are creatures of the law and are bound to obey it. (US vs. Lee 106 US. 196)
Therefore any violation of the Secured Rights of Moorish American People and Citizens, by any governmental corporations, or their agents, or employees would be an Illegal and Unlawful entry outside the Jurisdictional Boundaries of such corporation’s authority which in Law is considered a Trespass. This matter is now Ultra Vires.
Trespassing on a Fee Simple Absolute Estate is a serious offence.
“Indeed, no more than an Affidavit is necessary to make prima facie case. UNITED STATES v. Kis 658 F. 3d 526.
Statements in affidavits that are not rebutted by opposing party’s affidavit or pleadings may be accepted as true by the trial court. Winsett v. Donaldson ( Mich 1976) 244 N.W. 2d 355.
Silence is acquiescence is related doctrine that can mean and have the legal effect, that when confronted with a wrong or an act that can be considered a tortuous act, where one’s silence may mean that one accepts or permits such acts without protest or claim thereby losses rights to a claim of any loss or damages.
The common law doctrine of estoppel by acquiescence is applied when one party gives legal notice to a second party of a fact or claim, and the second party fails to challenge or refute that claim within a reasonable time. The second party is said to have acquiesced to the claim and is estopped from later challenging it, or making a counterclaim. The doctrine is similar to, and often applied with, estoppel by laches.
This occurred in the second Georgia v. South Carolina case before the U.S. Supreme court in 1992, when it was ruled that Georgia could no longer make any claim to an island in the Savannah River, despite the 1787 Treaty of Beaufort’s assignment to the contrary. The court said that the state had knowingly allowed South Carolina to join the island as a peninsula to its own coast by dumping sand from dredging and to then levy property taxes on it for decades. Georgia thereby lost the island-turned-peninsula by its own acquiescence, even though the treaty had given it all of the islands in the river.
Equal Protection under the Law: The equal protection of the laws of a state is extended to persons within its jurisdiction, within the meaning of the constitutional requirement, when its courts are open to them on the same conditions as to others, with likes rules of evidence and modes of procedure, for the security of their persons and property, the prevention and redress of wrongs, and the enforcement of contracts, Black’s Law Dictionary revised 4th Edition p. 631 EI Souri v. Dept of Social Services, 429 Mich 203, 207, ; 4141 N.W. 2d. 679 (1987).
• ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE ACT - A federal statute establishing practices and procedures to be followed in rule making and adjudication. The act was designed to give citizens basic due –process protection such as the right to prevent evidence and to be heard by an independent hearing officer. Z, A similar state statute.
• ADMINISTRATIVE LAW - The law governing the organization and operation of the executive branch of government (including independent agencies) and the relation of the executive, with the legislature, the judiciary and the public.
• EXHAUSTION OF ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES - The doctrine that, if an administrative remedy is provide by statute, relief must be sought from administrative body and such remedy be exhausted before courts will act. Abelleria vv. District Court of App. Third Dist. 17 Cal 2d 280, 109 P. 2d 942, 949, 132A.L.R. 715; Hills v. Brisbane, 66,Cal App. 2d 15, 151 P. 2d 578, 582.
• REMEDY- The means by which a right is enforced or the violation of right is prevented, redressed, or compensated.
• RIGHT OF ACTION - The present right to commence and maintain an action at law to enforce the payment or collection of a debt or demand see Hibbard v. Clark 56 N.H. 155, 22 Am Rep. 432, 435.
• NOTICE - Is a legal pronouncement of a pleading contract; about to be implemented, should the party receiving the notice fail to answer and rebut the notice point for point.
• FAULT OF OMISSION - Negligence resulting from a NEGATIVE ACT.
• DEFAULT - The omission or failure to perform a legal or contractual duty. Failure of party to take step required of him in progress of a cause: or fails to appear on the trail, he is said to make default. McCabe v. Tom 35 Ohio App. 73, 17 N.E. Black’s Law Dictionary, revised 4th Edition.
• ACQUIESCENCE: Equivalent to assent inferred from silence with knowledge or from encouragement and presupposes knowledge. Andrew v. Rivers 207 Iowa 343,223 N.W. 102 105. Imports tacit consent, concurrence, acceptance or assent. Natural Soda Products Co. v. City of Los Angeles, Cal App. 132 P. 2d 553, 563. A silent appearance of consent. Failure to make any objections. Black’s Law Dictionary revised 4th Edition.
• TACIT PROCURATION – Is an action authorized by implied agreement by remaining silent; i.e. “tacit procuration takes place when an individual sees another managing his affairs and does not interfere to prevent it.” (Black’s Law Dictionary 6th Edition).
• AGREEMENT: The consent of two or more persons concurring respecting the transmission of some property right, or benefits, with the view of contracting an obligation, a mutual obligation. Bac Abr.; Rocha v. Hulen 6 Cal App, 2d 245
• Consent: A concurrence of wills. Voluntary yielding the will to the proposition of another; acquiescence or compliance therewith. Twin Ports Oil Co. v. Pure Oil Co., D.C. Minn., 26 fed. Sup. 366, 371. Agreement; The act or result of coming into harmony or accord. Glantz v. Gabel, 66 Mont. 134, 212 P. 858, 860.
• Judgment by Default: Is a judgment rendered in consequence of the non-appearance of the defendant, Bread v. Sovereign Lodge. W.O.W., 184 N.C.154, 113 s.e. 661;In re Smith, 28 Idaho 746 225 P. 495; Brame v. Nolen,139 Va. 413,124 S.E. 299,301. The term is also applied to judgments entered under statues or rules of court, for want of affidavit of defense, plea, answer and the like or failure to take some required step in the cause. Black’s Law Dictionary revised 4th Edition.
• Consent judgment: A judgment, the provision and terms of which are settled and agreed to be the parties to the action. Hargis v. Hargis, 252 Ky.198.66 S.W. 2d 59; Andrews v. Indemnity Ins, Co. of North America, 55 R.I. 341, 181. A. 403.
• Consent judgment: are, in effect, merely contracts acknowledge in open court and ordered to be recorded, but as such they bind the parties as fully as do other judgment. Price v. Frost-Johnson Lumber Co.,Tex Civ. App., 250 S.W. 785, 789 Belcher v. Cobb, 169 N.C. 689, 86 S.E. 600, 602
• Obligation: The binding power of a vow, promise, oath, or contract, or of law, civil, political, or moral, independent of a promise: That which constitutes a legal or moral duty and which renders a person liable to coercion and punishment for neglecting it. An obligation, or debt, may exist by reason of a judgment as well as an express contract, in either case there being a legal duty on the part of the one bound to comply with promise. Black’s Law Dictionary revised 4th Edition.
• Contract: A promissory agreement between two or more person that creates, modifies, or destroys legal relation. Buffalo Press Steele Co. v. Kirwan, 138 Md. 60, 113 A628, 630: Mexican Petroleum Corp. of Louisiana v. North German Lloyd, D.C. La., 17 F. 2nd113, 114. Black’s Law Dictionary revised 4th Edition.
(1)YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
To be arrested for any violation, or violations of International Law(s) and to appear before the Supreme Court for the United States of America Republic, or an International Criminal Court at any time you have violated the Constitution for the United States of America Republic, or at any time you or your agents have not acted in good faith.
(2) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
That any violation of the Constitutionally Secured Rights of Moorish American people is a Trespass.
(3) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
To pay compensation fine of $ 5,000,000 to $ 5,000,000,000 dollars per violation of the Rights of Moorish American people Secured by their Constitution, or for violations of International Law(s).
(NOTICE TO TRESPASSERS)
Trespassers will be prosecuted. Trespass of any kind is punishable by a compensation fine of $5,000, 000 - $5,000,000, 000 dollars and/or imprisonment redressable by an action for damages.
Penalties for trespass of Property include but are not limited to:
1. Any wrongful act.
2. Any infringement or transgression of the rule of right.
3. Any legal wrong in which the appropriate remedy was not given.
4. Any direct forcible injury to person, land, or chattel.
5. Any unlawful act committed against the person or property of another, wrongful entry on another’s real property
6. In tort law, a land owner owes no duty to unforeseeable trespassers.
7. Title Estoppel applies.
Any violation s of the Rights of Indigenous People, The Vienna Declaration and programme of action, or The Organic Constitution of The United States of America Republic.
(4) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
You and your agents and co-parties are committing scienter acts (omitting knowledge) in bad faith, fraud, conspiracy, undue Enrichment, aiding and abetting, willful and wanton conduct, irreparable harm, with malice and forethought, conversion, commercial war, commercial credit slander and continuous torts.
(5) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
Any immunity, whether absolute or limited are not protective in their acts of bad faith against Moorish American people and Citizens and that AM JUR 2ND VOLUME 1 & (a) CLAUSE #298 applies. NO IMMUNITIES WILL PROTECT A PERSON WHO ACTS IN BAD FAITH.
(6) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
Any Collateral attack on this agreement/contract is bad faith and is an attempt to violate U.S. Constitution Article 1, Sec.10 “The Impairment of Contracts” and the D.C. Codes.
(7) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
That you have never disclosed the hidden nature and cause and conditions of the contracts in commerce that were executed on the Moorish American Detainees being held in your prisons.
(8) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
That if additional time is needed to respond , such request must be done in writing and must be received by the United States of America Republic within the 10 days allotted to request additional time or be forever barred from contest under the doctrine of maxim of collateral Estoppel 5 USC sub. Sec.706.
(9) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
That all Bonds, Notes and Securities, Miller Act Bonds, Bid Bonds, Performance Bonds, Restitution and Payments Related to any and all Cases and Judgments Involved with Moorish Americans, or Citizens are now and hereby forever Claimed as Collateral and property of the United States of America Republic for want of Consideration.
(10) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
THAT THE Moorish American Citizens being held by your prisons have never been told or made aware that the charges and penalties are based on their voluntary act to contract and agree that all such contracts are void due to their hidden nature and lack of disclosure.
JUDICIAL OFFICER: ROSEMARY COLLINS, Rosemary Collins; ELECTED SHERIFF OF WINNEBAGO COUNTY: GARY CARUANA, Gary Caruana; ILLINOIS STATE ATTORNEY JOE BRUSCATO, Joe Bruscato; CHIEF JUDGE JOSEPH G. MCGRAW, Joseph G. McGraw; COUNTY CLERK THOMAS A. KLEIN, Thomas A. Klein; ALL AGREE TO COMMITTING THE FOLLOWING CRIMES OR CONSPIRING TO COMMIT THE FOLLOWING CRIMES AGAINST A VESSEL OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPUBLIC. You have been duly notified.
(11) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
18 U.S. Code § 1651 - Piracy under law of nations
Whoever, on the high seas, commits the crime of piracy as defined by the law of nations, and is afterwards brought into or found in the United States, shall be imprisoned for life.
(12) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
18 U.S. Code § 1652 - Citizens as pirates
Whoever, being a citizen of the United States, commits any murder or robbery, or any act of hostility against the United States, or against any citizen thereof, on the high seas, under color of any commission from any foreign prince, or state, or on pretense of authority from any person, is a pirate, and shall be imprisoned for life.
(13) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
18 U.S. Code § 1654 - Arming or serving on privateers
Whoever, being a citizen of the United States, without the limits thereof, fits out and arms, or attempts to fit out and arm or is concerned in furnishing, fitting out, or arming any private vessel of war or privateer, with intent that such vessel shall be employed to cruise or commit hostilities upon the citizens of the United States or their property; or
Whoever takes the command of or enters on board of any such vessel with such intent; or
Whoever purchases any interest in any such vessel with a view to share in the profits thereof—
Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.
(14) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
18 U.S. Code § 1656 - Conversion or surrender of vessel
Whoever, being a captain or other officer or mariner of a vessel upon the high seas or on any other waters within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States, piratically or feloniously runs away with such vessel, or with any goods or merchandise thereof, to the value of $50 or over; or
Whoever yields up such vessel voluntarily to any pirate—
Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.
(15) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
18 U.S. Code § 1657 - Corruption of seamen and confederating with pirates
Whoever attempts to corrupt any commander, master, officer, or mariner to yield up or to run away with any vessel, or any goods, wares, or merchandise, or to turn pirate or to go over to or confederate with pirates, or in any wise to trade with any pirate, knowing him to be such; or
Whoever furnishes such pirate with any ammunition, stores, or provisions of any kind; or
Whoever fits out any vessel knowingly and, with a design to trade with, supply, or correspond with any pirate or robber upon the seas; or
Whoever consults, combines, confederates, or corresponds with any pirate or robber upon the seas, knowing him to be guilty of any piracy or robbery; or
Whoever, being a seaman, confines the master of any vessel—
Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.
(16) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
18 U.S. Code § 1658 - Plunder of distressed vessel
Whoever plunders, steals, or destroys any money, goods, merchandise, or other effects from or belonging to any vessel in distress, or wrecked, lost, stranded, or cast away, upon the sea, or upon any reef, shoal, bank, or rocks of the sea, or in any other place within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.
Whoever willfully obstructs the escape of any person endeavoring to save his life from such vessel, or the wreck thereof; or
Whoever holds out or shows any false light, or extinguishes any true light, with intent to bring any vessel sailing upon the sea into danger or distress or shipwreck—
Shall be imprisoned not less than ten years and may be imprisoned for life.
(17) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
18 U.S. Code § 1659 - Attack to plunder vessel
Whoever, upon the high seas or other waters within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States, by surprise or open force, maliciously attacks or sets upon any vessel belonging to another, with an intent unlawfully to plunder the same, or to despoil any owner thereof of any moneys, goods, or merchandise laden on board thereof, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.
(18) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
18 U.S. Code § 1660 - Receipt of pirate property
Whoever, without lawful authority, receives or takes into custody any vessel, goods, or other property, feloniously taken by any robber or pirate against the laws of the United States, knowing the same to have been feloniously taken, shall be imprisoned not more than ten years.
(19) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
18 U.S. Code § 1661 - Robbery ashore
Whoever, being engaged in any piratical cruise or enterprise, or being of the crew of any piratical vessel, lands from such vessel and commits robbery on shore, is a pirate, and shall be imprisoned for life.
(20) YOU AGREE: IF NO ANSWER IS GIVEN, YOUR ANSWER IS YES.
Subject to existing international agreements to which the United States is a party at the time of enactment of this Act a foreign state shall be immune from the jurisdiction of the courts of the United States and of the States…
TITLE I U.S.R.C. CRIMINAL CODE CHAPTER 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 9. Vessel of the United States of America Republic defined The term “vessel of the United States of America Republic”, as used in this title, means a vessel belonging in whole or in part to the United States of America Republic, or any National, or citizen thereof, or any corporation created by or under the laws of the United States of America Republic, or of any Province, State, Territory, or possession thereof.
[:MELVIN FORD] is a vessel of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPUBLIC.
TITLE I U.S.R.C. CRIMINAL CODE CHAPTER 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 9. Vessel of the United States of America Republic defined The term “vessel of the United States of America Republic”, as used in this title, means a vessel belonging in whole or in part to the United States of America Republic, or any National, or citizen thereof, or any corporation created by or under the laws of the United States of America Republic, or of any Province, State, Territory, or possession thereof.
You are now granted 30 days, exclusive of the day of receipt to respond to the statements, claims and inquiries above. Failure to respond will constitute by operation of Law the admission of all involved by tacit procuration to the statements, claims and answers to inquires shall be deemed res judicata, stare decisis. Failure to respond will constitute promissory Estoppel and collateral estoppel, equitable Estoppel, Title Estoppel and Estoppel by Acquiescence. This is a perfected contract and it is a statute staple, UCC Confirmatory writing.
All United States and government officials are hereby placed on Legal Notice that I expect them to have recorded valid oaths of office in accordance with U.S. Constitution;
Article VI: The Senators and Representative before mentioned, and the members of the Several State Legislators and all Executives and Judicial officers, both of the United States and of the Several States, shall be bound by Oath, or Affirmation to support this Constitution.
I Overstand that by their oaths of office all U.S. government and State government officials are Contractually bound by the U.S. Constitution as formulated by its framers, and not as ‘Interpreted”, Subverted, or corrupted by various government officials.
I further Overstand that any Laws, Statutes, Ordinances, Regulations, Rules and Procedures contrary to the U.S. Constitution as written by its framers, are null and void, as expressed in the Sixteenth American Jurisprudence Second Edition, Section 177:
The general misconception is that any statute passed by legislators bearing the appearance of law constitutes the Law of the Land and any statute, to be valid, must be in agreement. It is impossible for both the Constitution and a law violating it to be valid; one must prevail. This is succinctly stated as follows:
The general rule is that an unconstitutional statute, though having the form and name of law, is in reality no law, but is wholly void and ineffective for any purpose; since unconstitutionality dates from the time of its enactment and not merely from the date of the decision so branding it. An unconstitutional law in legal contemplation is as inoperative as if it had never been passed. Such a statute leaves the question that it purports to settle just as it would be had the statutes not been enacted.
Since an unconstitutional law is void, the general principles follow that it imposes no duties, confers no rights, creates no office, bestows no power or authority on anyone, affords no protection and justifies no acts performed under it.
A void act cannot be legally consistent with a valid one. An unconstitutional law cannot operate to supersede any existing valid law. Indeed, insofar as a statute runs counter to the fundamental Law of the Land, it is superseded thereby.
LEGAL NOTICE: That any violations of all United States government and State government officials’ contractual obligations to act in accordance with their U.S. Constitution, may result in Prosecution to the full extent of the law, as well as the application of all available legal remedies to recover damages suffered by any parties damaged by any actions of U.S. and State government officials in violation of the United States of America Republic Constitution.
Procedures and deadlines for objections to approval of this Affidavit.
The deadline to serve and file Legal Notice and Objections and or responses to this Legal Notice must be in writing pursuant to National Rule of Civil Procedures 17(b), a failure to deny these facts within thirty (30) days of receiving this petition constitute an affirmative admission of their validity and truthfulness.
Title 26 USC 6065 requires that denials must be signed under penalty of perjury by those denying, and that the person denying must have knowledge of facts indicated. Objections must state the name and address of the party asserting the objections or party proposing an objection to this Legal Notice. Objections must disclose statement and the amount of the parties claim or the nature of its interest in Moorish American Citizens. Specify the basis and nature of any objections and set forth any evidences supporting claim. Objections should be by Registered Mail to Christopher H- Cannon: Bey President for the United States of America Republic. P.O. Box, 1308, Raymore, Missouri .
Silence can only be equated with fraud where there is a legal, or moral duty to speak, or where an inquiry left unanswered would be intentionally misleading. (UNITED STATES V. Horton R. Prudden, U.S. COURT OF APPEALS.)
The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA REPUBLIC
PRESIDENT, CHRISTOPHER H. CANNON: BEY